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The research catalogue is an archive of ESRC-funded grants and outputs. Links, files and other content will no longer be maintained or updated after April 2014.

Understanding and Developing Inclusive Practices in Schools

Grant reference: L139251001

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Journal article details

Teacher learning and the development of inclusive practices and policies : framing and context
The process of a school becoming more inclusive involves teacher learning. The Economic and Social Research Council Teaching and Learning Research Programme (ESRC TLRP) research and development Network 'Understanding and Developing Inclusive Practices in Schools' presented an opportunity both to understand the nature of this learning and to explore more optimal conditions for it to take place. By comparing and contrasting the findings from three linked networks of 25 schools in different cultural and historical settings, it was possible to identify features of teacher learning in schools becoming more inclusive, as a function of context. The design involved two cycles of action research carried out in partnership by practitioners and researchers. The first of these cycles used existing contextualised knowledge, supplemented by further research evidence, as the means of fostering developments in the field. The second cycle scrutinised these developments in order to address the overall agenda of the Network as a basis for pursuing deeper understandings. National agendas for education (particularly the 'standards' agenda) were found to influence thinking and practice in schools and LEAs; however, such influence was not necessarily negative. For some teachers, 'raising standards' involved confronting problems associated with those pupils who do not easily learn from standard and prescribed school practices, creating interruptions to those teachers' assumptions. A research and development framework that reduced teachers' sense of external prescription and promoted their active influence was a support to teachers' learning in building on such interruptions. The study found particular value in visits by staff of one school to another, structured around the generation of empirical data about pupils' experience and progress, followed by joint interpretation in mixed staff groups.
Original Document

Primary contributor

Author Andrew Howes

Additional contributors

Co-author Tony Booth
Co-author Alan Dyson
Co-author Jo Frankham

Additional details

Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
01 June 2005
Research papers in education

Cite this outcome


Howes, Andrew et al (2005) Teacher learning and the development of inclusive practices and policies : framing and context. Research papers in education. 20 (2), pp. 133-148 Abingdon: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.


Howes Andrew et al. Teacher learning and the development of inclusive practices and policies : framing and context. Research papers in education 2005; 20 (2): 133-148.