Send us your feedback

Thank you for your feedback. An email has been sent to the ESRC support team.

An error occured whilst sending your feedback. Please review the problems below.

The research catalogue is an archive of ESRC-funded grants and outputs. Links, files and other content will no longer be maintained or updated after April 2014.

Understanding and Developing Inclusive Practices in Schools

Grant reference: L139251001

« View grant details

Journal article details

The action in action research : mediating and developing inclusive intentions
The authors of this article reflect on their experiences as facilitators of an action research network aiming to provide a context for participating schools to identify and address barriers to pupils' learning and participation. Within the network, action research is seen to have different meanings for individuals within and between schools in terms of the relationship between action, data and changes at the personal, group and institutional levels. In nearly all schools in the study, however, it importantly signifies a measure of autonomy over the direction of development, in an era of strongly imposed external agendas. The relationship between the action research process and the values associated with inclusion is explored with the use of school-level data, and interpreted through attention to the actions developing in the schools. Some of the consequences of these actions are described, both intentional and unintentional, and the possible significance of developing rhetoric within and between schools is suggested. The article concludes that action research as described in this network may sustain the development of more inclusive schools, by creating possibilities for critical reflection on the relationship between values and practice within the institution.
Original Document

Primary contributor

Author Andrew Howes

Additional contributors

Co-author Jo Frankham
Co-author Mel Ainscow
Co-author Peter Farrell

Additional details

Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
01 June 2004
Educational action research

Cite this outcome


Howes, Andrew et al (2004) The action in action research : mediating and developing inclusive intentions. Educational action research. 12 (2), pp. 239-258 Abingdon: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.


Howes Andrew et al. The action in action research : mediating and developing inclusive intentions. Educational action research 2004; 12 (2): 239-258.