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The Morality of Private War

Grant reference: RES-000-22-4042

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Conference paper/presentation details

The privatisation of military force and the international system
This paper presents four arguments to show that the use of private military and security companies (PMSCs) leads to severe difficulties for international stability and security. Section I defends the ‘Constraints Argument’. This asserts that since the rise of PMSCs increases the number and type of actors that can use military force in the international arena, it is harder to maintain jus ad bellum and jus in bello regimes that limit the frequency and awfulness of warfare. Section II presents the ‘Judgment Argument’. This claims that the use of PMSCs makes public judgments on the use of force (i) harder to achieve (because of the opaqueness of the industry) and (ii) less influential (because PMSCs are more concerned with their reputations amongst potential employers than their perceived legitimacy in the international community). In Section III, I outline the ‘Insecurity Argument’. This argues that the use of PMSCs leads to insecurity for certain individuals due in part to the unequal distribution of the provision of security. Fourth, I offer the ‘Instability Argument’. This claims that a market for force has additional negative effects on international stability. Overall, then, the paper defends the importance of the public, rather than private, military force.
English

Primary contributor

Author James Pattison

Additional details

Yes
25 August 2011
European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) general conference
Reykjavik
6th
25 August 2011

Cite this outcome

Harvard

Pattison, James The privatisation of military force and the international system. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) general conference, 6th, Reykjavik, 2011.

Vancouver

Pattison James. The privatisation of military force and the international system. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) general conference, 6th, Reykjavik, 2011.