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The research catalogue is an archive of ESRC-funded grants and outputs. Links, files and other content will no longer be maintained or updated after April 2014.

Emotion Regulation of Others and Self (EROS): A Collaborative Research Network

Grant reference: RES-060-25-0044

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Journal article details

Emotion regulation questionnaire for use with athletes
Objectives Three studies examine the factorial validity, internal consistency, test–retest stability, and criterion validity of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ: Gross & John, 2003) for use with athletes. Design Factorial validity, internal consistency, test–retest stability and criterion validity of the ERQ were examined over three stages, using three separate samples. Method In stage 1 the factorial validity and internal consistency of the ERQ subscales were examined based on responses from 433 sport participants. In stage 2, 176 sport participants completed the ERQ on two occasions separated by an interval of two weeks. In stage 3, the criterion validity of the ERQ was examined. Sport participants (n = 88) completed the ERQ and reported the intensity, frequency and direction of a range of emotions experienced when competing in sport. Results Confirmatory factor analysis results lend some support to a two-factor model when reappraisal and suppression are allowed to correlate. Alpha coefficients were acceptable. Test–retest stability analyses indicated poor agreement and a greater influence of situational, as opposed to trait factors, in the variance of item scores on the second test administration. In addition, results were partially consistent with findings of Gross and John (2003): reappraisal scores were associated with pleasant emotions, but suppression scores were not associated with unpleasant emotions. Conclusion Results provide mixed support for the validity of the ERQ in sport. Because the ERQ is intended to assess stable patterns of emotion regulation, the instability of items is a concern and reasons for this require further investigation.

Primary contributor

Author Mark A. Uphill

Additional contributors

Co-author Andrew M. Lane
Co-author Marc V. Jones

Additional details

01 November 2012
Psychology of sport and exercise

Cite this outcome


Uphill, Mark A. et al (2012) Emotion regulation questionnaire for use with athletes. Psychology of sport and exercise. 13 (6), pp. 761-770 Amsterdam: Elsevier.


Uphill Mark A. et al. Emotion regulation questionnaire for use with athletes. Psychology of sport and exercise 2012; 13 (6): 761-770.