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Our Research Catalogue contains grants and outputs data up until April/May 2014.

Emotion Regulation of Others and Self (EROS): A Collaborative Research Network

Grant reference: RES-060-25-0044

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Journal article details

Effective regulation of affect : an action control perspective on emotion regulation
The present review adopts an action control perspective on emotion regulation, contextualising the gap between emotion control goals (e.g., I want to remain calm) and emotional outcomes (e.g., anger, anxiety, and aggression) in terms of the broader literature on goal pursuit. We propose that failure to effectively regulate emotions can result from difficulties with the self-regulatory tasks of (i) identifying the need to regulate, (ii) deciding whether and how to regulate, and (iii) enacting a regulation strategy. Next we review evidence that a technique traditionally associated with regulating behavioural goals (forming implementation intentions or “if-then” planning) can help to overcome these difficulties. Meta-analysis indicated that forming implementation intentions is effective in modifying emotional outcomes, with a large effect relative to no regulation instructions (k = 21, N = 1306 d + = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.61 to 1.20) and a medium-sized effect relative to goal intention instructions (k = 29, N = 1208, d + = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.42 to 0.65). Our conclusion is that research on emotion regulation might benefit from an action control perspective and the interventions that this perspective offers.
10.1080/10463283.2012.718134
English

Primary contributor

Author Thomas L. Webb

Additional contributors

Co-author Inge Schweiger Gallo
Co-author Eleanor Miles
Co-author Peter M. Gollwitzer
Co-author Paschal Sheeran

Additional details

23
1
Yes
1046-3283
Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group
09 October 2012
143-186
Hove
Post-print
European review of social psychology

Cite this outcome

Harvard

Webb, Thomas L. et al (2012) Effective regulation of affect : an action control perspective on emotion regulation. European review of social psychology. 23 (1), pp. 143-186 Hove: Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Vancouver

Webb Thomas L. et al. Effective regulation of affect : an action control perspective on emotion regulation. European review of social psychology 2012; 23 (1): 143-186.